CROSS OF THE FIGHTER VOLONTAIRE OF THE WAR 14/18 :
Since the end of World War I, the associations of elders, fights asked insistently that a particular reward is awarded to those that had been voluntary to serve to the forehead to the breast of an unit hired in the fights.
The French commemorative medal of 1914-1918 created June 23, 1920 seemed, for the authorities concerned, to answer these aspirations,; some particular thanks to the creation of a special staple carrying the mention " Committed Volunteer ".
Yet, he/it was not some so, the parliament of the time having shown the desire to distinguish fighter's category. It is thus, that seventeen years after the end of the fights, the Cross of the, fighting voluntary of the war of 1914-1918 was created by the law of the 4 July 1935 reinforced by a decree of application of November 28, 1935.
These are the fighters of the Big War who were voluntary for to serve to the forehead in a combat unit. This cross awarded maybe to the foreign volunteers who fought in the French army on one of the fronts of operations.
The decree of application of November 28, 1935 gives the detail of the numerous categories of fighters concerned. To note, that twenty years later, one other decree of September 30, 1955 permitted, under some conditions, to the, marine of the trade, to get this same distinction.
CONDITIONS OF OBTAINING :
It is necessary to have served voluntarily in a fighting well-known unit and to fill one of the conditions indicated in the decree of application.
These particular arrangements aim for the three years those that were not forced to fight because of their situation geographical or of their particular statute or their physical condition and who joined a formation of fight nevertheless voluntarily.
THE DISTINCTION :
green, with, to the middle, a red strip and on the sides a strip yellow.
cross made of bronze due to the engraver of Vernon, with to the obverse the head of a shaggy in the center of a medallion with the legend " Republic French ", the all relaxing on a sword and a bottom of laurel foliage. To the reverse, the enrollment: " Fighting Voluntary " 1914-1918 ".
CÉRÉMONIAL OF RECEIPT :
During a hold of weapons, the Cross of the fighter voluntary of the, war 1914-1918 is put back in the same conditions that the cross of war.
The pronounced sentence is the following:
" In the name of the defense secretary,we hand you the Cross of the fighter voluntary of the war 1914-1918 "
The ribbon of this medal is composed of the colors mixed of the Legion of Honor, the Military Medal and the Cross of war 1914-1918.
The cross of the fighter voluntary of the war 1914-1918 is considered as a title of war at the time of the exam of the candidacies to the Legion of Honor, the Military Medal or the National Order of the Merit.
The decree of September 8, 1981, relative to the creation of a Cross of the, fighting voluntary with staple clean to every conflict, don't concern the Cross of the voluntary fighter 1914-1918.